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Pericardial mesothelioma Caused By Exposure to Asbestos

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What Is Pericardial Mesothelioma?

Pericardial mesothelioma evolves in the thin membrane that surrounds the heart known also as pericardium. The membrane has two zones, an outer one called parietal layer theca cords or heart sac and an inner zone known as epicardium or visceral layer.

Pericardial Mesothelioma is the rarest asbestos-related disease. There are just a few treatment options due to the heart lining, which is exactly where the tumors develop, still, there are a few cases in which a surgical intervention can help remove those tumors. Just like all the other types of mesothelioma, the disease develops after a long period of time, one to five decades and is usually discovered at its last stage.

Pericardial mesothelioma prognosis:

According to the American Cancer Society, pericardial mesothelioma is a very rare type of cancer that affects less than 10% of the mesothelioma cases.

Diagnosis of Pericardial Mesothelioma

Pericardial mesothelioma can be easily confused with cardiac tamponade, cardiac failure, and constrictive pericarditis, therefore speaking to an expert is absolutely vital in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment.

It is also vital to disclose any exposure to asbestos to assist the doctor in deciding the further investigations.

For an accurate diagnosis the following tests may be carried out:

Procedures & Treatment for Pericardial mesothelioma Caused By Asbestos Exposure

The treatment options depend on the stage of the cancer. If discovered early, there are available curative treatment options, such as pericardiectomy, a surgery that involves removing a part or the whole pericardium. It aims at destroying the cancerous cells and preventing growth). However, most of these cases are diagnosed when the cancer is at an advanced stage and only palliative treatment options, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy are available, aimed at prolonging the patient’s life and alleviate pain.

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